Brachial Plexus Injuries

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Brachial Plexus Injuries Due To Malpractice During Childbirth

The Brachial Plexus is the group of nerves running from the spine through the neck and shoulder and into the arm. Injuries to the Brachial Plexus can result in nerve damage causing full or partial paralysis in the affected limb, lack of sensation, muscle weakness, and Erb’s Palsy. Injuries to the Brachial Plexus can occur at any time, such injuries are most common during childbirth when the baby’s shoulders become impacted causing the nerves to stretch and/or tear.

Types of Brachial Plexus Injuries


The most common type of Brachial Plexus injury. It represents a temporary paralysis of the nerve caused by impaired blood supply to the nerve where there has been no loss of the structural integrity of the nerve.


The neural sheath remains intact but the axons (the elements of the nerve through which transmission of sensory or motor stimuli are conducted) may take a year or more for the axons to regrow down the inside of the neural sheath. Recovery of nerve function is likely.


The nerve is divided. These injuries are permanent unless repaired and even where repair is possible only partial recovery is to be anticipated at best.

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